Name: Doctor Eggman
Nicknames: ◾The Doctor (used by Shadow the Hedgehog)
◾Master Robotnik (used by Gamma, English track only)
◾Egg-Salad (used by Storm in Sonic Riders)
◾Chubby ol' guy (used by Emerl once)
◾Master (used by Shadow the Hedgehog)
◾Hedgehog Hater (in Dr Robotnik)
◾Baldy Nosehair (by the Wisps)
◾King Doc (alias in Sonic Free Riders)
◾Eggster (by Sonic in Sonic Colors)
◾Baldy McNosehair (by Sonic and Tails)
◾Boss (by Orbot) and Cubot)
◾Bossman (by "Cowboy" Cubot)
◾Matey (by "Pirate" Cubot)
◾Moustache Moron (by Vector)
◾Moustache Monkey (by Amy and Marine)
Date Of Birth:???
Current Residence:Eggman Empire
Abilities/Skills:◾Brilliant expert mechanic and inventor in both mechanics and robotics
◾Above super genius level intellect in all variants of science
◾Highly proficient in many forms of piloting, aerial fights and driving
◾Capable Extreme Gear rider
◾Unusually fast runner
◾Above average physical strength in arms
◾Brainwashing (Sonic Pinball Party only)
Friends: dr wily [see sonic and megaman worlds collide]
Marital Status: single
Other Family Members: ◾Gerald Robotnik (grandfather) †
◾Maria Robotnik (cousin) †
◾Eggman Nega (future descendant)
Team's Special Abilities:???
With Enemies: wants to destroy them
Dislikes: sonic shadow silver
Main Theme: E.G.G.M.A.N.
Backstory: In childhood, the young Robotnik looked up to his grandfather, Professor Gerald Robotnik as a hero, and believed him to be a great man who had done his best to help mankind and was unfairly executed. Thus the doctor decided to follow in his grandfather's footsteps and become a scientist, as well as pursue a teaching degree (apparently because he liked telling people what to do). However, he became obsessed with the idea of a world under his rule, and using his unmatched genius, began his plans.
Eventually Robotnik met Sonic the Hedgehog, and the two became instant rivals. Over the years, he realized the hedgehog's determination was as fierce as his own, gained a respect for his adversary. When he accidentally found his grandfather's diary, he was drawn into an adventure that would show him that his grandfather was perhaps not as innocent as he had thought.
He attempted to conquer the world by turning the animals of South Island into robots and obtaining the powerful Chaos Emeralds. Launching a full-scale assault on the planet, Eggman was able to seize control over countless cities, factories, and lands, and transformed them into his image and polluted the very environment with his fortresses. Eggman ordered his vast army to search for the Chaos Emeralds and build weapons of mass destruction so that his dominance would never be challenged. Luckily, Sonic the Hedgehog sped to the rescue, defeated Robotnik, saved the animals from roboticization, and retrieved the Chaos Emeralds. Thus the island was restored to its former, peaceful state.the notorious Robotnik created the Death Egg, a huge, orbital space station during another attempt at world domination. He attacked West Side Island, turning its animals into robots and searching for all seven Chaos Emeralds. He was intercepted by Sonic and his sidekick Miles "Tails" Prower, who saved the animals and retrieved the Chaos Emeralds before the evil scientist. Sonic infiltrated the Death Egg, sending the Death Egg crashing back to Earth and defeating Robotnik once more.Robotnik managed to land the Death Egg on the legendary Angel Island and tricked the island’s guardian, Knuckles the Echidna into thinking Sonic and Tails are villains after the powerful Master Emerald that Knuckles protects with his life, knowing that Sonic will not be far behind to finish his old nemesis once and for all. Eggman states that he is a noble scientist who seeks to use his scientific knowledge to better the world with the use of his space station, the Death Egg. He claims that Sonic stole the seven chaos emeralds from the land and used them to destroy his scientific achievements for his own ends. Knuckles believes in Eggman's deception and allows him to construct a launch base to repair his space station and build up his army to assist as well. The pair then make their plans to steal the Chaos Emeralds from Sonic and combine them with the energies of the Master Emerald to create the Super Chaos Emeralds and use them to defeat Sonic. However, Eggman was truly planning on killing Knuckles once he served his usefulness and steal both the emeralds and the Master Emerald to repair his Death Egg and possess unlimited power. Knuckles steals the Chaos Emeralds from Sonic when he first arrives, places them in strategic locations to be given to Eggman later, and hinders the hedgehog throughout his journey. Eggman, in the meantime, constructs fortresses and strongholds throughout the island and builds up his army again with the use of the island's animals. When Sonic arrives on the island, Eggman launches a full scale assault that destroys a large portion of the island's jungles and begins his battles with Sonic anew. Through several more battles, Robotnik is again defeated again when Sonic rushes to the Launch Base Zone and prevents the Death Egg from relaunching. Robotnik manages to steal the Master Emerald during a fight between Sonic and Knuckles and gets the Death Egg into space once again. With help from now-ally Knuckles, Sonic is able to chase the madman into space and Sonic completely destroys the Death Egg. Robotnik makes one last chance to escape with the Master Emerald, but is defeated by Hyper Sonic, and his ambition once again thwarted. Dr. Eggman appeared in the episodic Sonic the Hedgehog 4, forming a bridge between the classic and modern series. In Episode I, he merely captured forest animals to power his Badniks and redesign select inventions to be trickier than ever for Sonic to handle. His master plan comes together a few months later in Episode II - he resurrected Metal Sonic, who was defeated during the events of Sonic the Hedgehog CD (which occurred at some unspecified point in the classic series), and once again set his eyes on the mystical Little Planet as it makes its annual return to earth. Sonic hears that Eggman is back, and reunites with Tails to stop him together. Meanwhile, Metal Sonic searches for the heroes and sees them fly away in the Tornado, and follows them using Tails' Rocket. Towards the end of the game, Sonic and Tails find that the Little Planet has sustained in a remarkable sphere known as the Death Egg mk.II. Fortunately, Sonic and Tails once again beat Metal Sonic at his own game, and the heart of the base was destroyed, deactivating the space station as it harmlessly floats in space. After these devastating defeats at Sonic's hands, Eggman's power was diminished a great deal, his forces were largely destroyed, and the villain was no closer to achieving his goal of world domination. Desperate to find alternative means to resume his plans and dominate everything, Dr. Eggman, at some time prior to the events of Sonic Adventure, had set up shop in the Mystic Ruins. It was here that he discovered the ancient ruined temple left behind by the echidna race and the stone tablets describing the ancient 'God of Destruction', a being known to the echidnas as Chaos.
After studying the tablets, Dr. Eggman learned that Chaos still existed within the Master Emerald, located on Angel Island; the doctor had found the perfect means to conquer the world that didn't rely solely on his machinery. He took his new airborne battleship, the Egg Carrier, to the island in hopes of releasing Chaos from his prison. A swift long-range attack from the Carrier shattered the Master Emerald to pieces and thus released the liquid creature, as well as the spirit of Tikal, princess of the echidnas (though Eggman was unaware of her existence).
Having released Chaos, Eggman expected the creature to aid him in his goal of world domination. In order to strengthen the creature, Eggman immediately began seeking the Chaos Emeralds which he would allow Chaos to consume, thereby becoming more powerful. The first Chaos Emerald was taken from Tails, who had accidentally found it while testing a new plane. The second Emerald Eggman stole from Sonic (who had won it in Casinopolis) by ambushing him outside the casino in Station Square. Eggman continued to observe the activities of Sonic and Tails who were frantically trying to gather the Emeralds to prevent him from empowering Chaos, and also managed to fool Knuckles (again) into thinking that they were trying to interfere with his mission to collect the Master Emerald shards (Knuckles initially mistook Robotnik's Chaos Emerald for a Master Emerald shard, which Eggman promptly used to his advantage). Sonic and Knuckles ran into each other in the Mystic Ruins where Knuckles - believing Sonic to be carrying Master Emerald pieces - attacked Sonic and Tails. Sonic and Tails dropped the Chaos Emeralds they had collected after colliding with Knuckles, and Dr. Eggman was there waiting for them. He took both Emeralds and fed them to Chaos, who transformed into his fourth phase. The doctor obtained two more Chaos Emeralds by sending his E-100 robots to hunt down Froggy who had swallowed an Emerald (and also Chaos's tail) and by capturing Amy Rose and her little Flicky friend (which kept a Chaos Emerald inside its locket). With six of the gems in his possession and all his minions assembled on the Egg Carrier, Eggman nearly raised Chaos to perfect level. However, due to the efforts of Sonic, Knuckles and Big the Cat (and to his own bungling by using freezing weapons) Eggman lost the Emeralds when Chaos was apparently destroyed, still no match for Sonic despite having six Emeralds powering him. The Egg Carrier was heavily damaged by the fighting and crashed just off the coast of Station Square. Having lost his ship and Chaos, Dr. Eggman resorted to launching a nuclear missile in order to destroy Station Square. The missile failed to detonate on impact, and was disarmed completely by Tails. In anger, Eggman attacked Tails in his Egg Walker machine. Tails managed to defeat him, however, and the doctor retreated to his Final Egg base in the Mystic Ruins where he would regroup and begin concocting new ways to destroy Station Square. As he returned to his base, Eggman was pursued by Sonic (who had landed in the jungle after attacking Eggman as he fled the falling Egg Carrier). Eggman engaged in one final showdown with Sonic in his base, using his newest mecha - the Egg Viper. This failed to defeat Sonic also and was destroyed, and Eggman's base was leveled. Retreating through the jungle, Eggman discovered Chaos had survived his battle on the Egg Carrier. Chaos had gone rogue and attacked Eggman, who fled toward Angel Island to seek help from Knuckles. Chaos followed him there and found six of the Chaos Emeralds (Knuckles had retrieved them after beating Chaos on the Egg Carrier), taking them all and knocking out both Knuckles and Eggman. Sonic and Tails arrived shortly after to investigate why Angel Island had not yet ascended back into the sky, and found Knuckles and the doctor unconscious. When he recovered, Eggman vowed to take revenge on Chaos and set off back to his ruined base, where a back-up Egg Carrier was docked. When Chaos became Perfect Chaos after consuming the last Emerald, the monster traveled to Station Square and flooded the city, leaving it in ruins. Eggman attacked Chaos in the Egg Carrier 2 but the attack had no effect, and with one blast, Perfect Chaos managed to destroy Eggman's ship. The doctor was sent hurtling off into the clouds screaming, only turning up again just in time to witness Sonic's victory against Chaos, granting him silent acknowledgment before flying away in his Eggmobile. Dr. Eggman discovered the existence of Project Shadow by accidentally coming across the long-forgotten diary of his grandfather, Professor Gerald Robotnik. In the diary, the professor spoke of a classified military research project that was shut down because the United Federation government feared its misuse. Eager to see just what his childhood hero had produced, Eggman found that the weapon was stored away on Prison Island, a military compound controlled by G.U.N. Dr. Eggman attacked Prison Island and broke into the underground base with his new Egg Walker. Happening upon the cryogenic vault where Prof. Gerald's weapon was sealed, Eggman used his grandfather's password: MARIA, the name of Gerald's granddaughter and Eggman's late cousin, then inserted a Chaos Emerald into the control console (where he got the Emerald is unknown). The vault opened, releasing the ultimate life-form: Shadow the Hedgehog. Eggman mistook Shadow for Sonic at first glance, but Shadow, in gratitude for being released, offered to grant Eggman one wish. Their meeting was interrupted by one of G.U.N.'s Big Foot mechas, which Shadow quickly engaged and easily destroyed. Shadow then fled Prison Island, telling Eggman to bring him more Chaos Emeralds and that he would be waiting aboard the Space Colony ARK. Eggman headed back to his pyramid base and encountered Rouge the Bat and Knuckles the Echidna along the way, who were fighting over the Master Emerald. Eggman attempted to steal it, but Knuckles shattered it to pieces to prevent its theft. Not really needing the Master Emerald at that time, Eggman returned to his base and caught up on the news. A newsflash announcing the theft of a Chaos Emerald from Central City's federal reserve bank caught the doctor's attention, and although the media and public had identified the suspect as Sonic, Eggman knew it could only be Shadow. Using his base's space transporter, Dr. Eggman beamed himself to the Space Colony ARK to meet with Shadow. There, Shadow revealed the Eclipse Cannon, a weapon of mass destruction capable of destroying a planet or piercing a star. The cannon required the seven Chaos Emeralds to meet its immense power demands, and two had already been installed. Rouge the Bat - who had boarded the ARK by sneaking into Eggman's pyramid and accessing his transporter - had provided a third emerald for the Eclipse Cannon. Although Eggman was suspicious of her motives, she had provided another emerald and was offering to help him obtain the others. Eggman agreed to let Rouge join him and Shadow in their hunt. Three more Chaos Emeralds were discovered on Prison Island, locked away in G.U.N.'s high-security vault. Dr. Eggman organized a strategy that would allow him and his cohorts to obtain them. His part in the plan was to divert G.U.N.'s forces so that Rouge could enter the vaults unnoticed and Shadow could plant high explosives in the armory. When the trio made their move, they were interrupted by the untimely arrival of Amy Rose, who had mistaken Shadow for Sonic. Eggman moved in to try and kill Amy but was stopped by Tails and his new Cyclone walker. Running on a strict timetable, Eggman let Tails and Amy live and made his escape. The mission was a success despite certain delays and the group succeeded in stealing the Chaos Emeralds and destroying the G.U.N. base. With six Chaos Emeralds now powering the Eclipse Cannon, Dr. Eggman announced to the world that the Eggman Empire would arise and dominate the Earth. To prove his power, Eggman pointed the Eclipse Cannon at the moon and fired, blowing it in half. Eggman then delivered his ultimatum to the President of the United Federation: the UF had 24 hours to surrender or Eggman would destroy the entire country. While delivering his ultimatum, Sonic intervened and discovered where Eggman was hiding. When Sonic and his friends attacked Dr. Eggman's pyramid, the doctor unleashed his mighty Egg Golem robot to destroy Sonic. A battle ensued and Sonic damaged a restraining mechanism on the giant's head, causing it to malfunction and attack Eggman. Eggman was forced to defend himself and destroy the Egg Golem, giving Sonic's gang the time they needed to hijack the doctor's space shuttle. Eggman later returned to the ARK after detecting two Chaos Emerald signatures, believing that Sonic must have a decoy as well as the real one. When he returned to the colony, Eggman took Amy hostage and held her at gunpoint, demanding that Sonic and Tails meet him in the ARK's main laboratory. When they arrived, Eggman ordered Sonic to place the Chaos Emerald in the center of the room. Believing it to be the fake emerald (a belief that was also unwittingly confirmed by Tails when asking him how he deduced it), Eggman then sprung his trap and sealed Sonic inside a containment capsule. The capsule was ejected into space where it exploded, seemingly killing Sonic instantly. With his arch-rival out of the way, Eggman turned his attention to Tails and the two battled each other in their walkers. Eggman somehow managed to come out of the fight with the real Chaos Emerald and installed it into the Eclipse Cannon, although he later reported to Shadow that someone (Sonic) was making his way to the Eclipse cannon. As he laughed in triumph, danger signs appeared on every monitor on the colony, followed by an image of the late Gerald Robotnik. A message left behind by the professor stated that the world had sentenced him to death, and that he would have his revenge by destroying the Earth. A program within the colony's main computer had been activated which would destabilize the ARK's orbit and send it crashing into the planet, wiping out all life. Eggman convened with the heroes (and was visibly annoyed to see that Sonic was still alive) and showed them Gerald's diary. He then informed them that the Eclipse Cannon's core had overloaded with Chaos energy and the collision would obliterate the entire planet. The doctor was the one who suggested that they all work together to try and neutralize the Chaos Emeralds and stop the ARK's collision. Of course, this was no doubt due to the fact that Eggman couldn't take over the world if there's no world. With Eggman monitoring the ARK's layout and guiding the others down their respective paths, he, Sonic and the others managed to stop the ARK and save the world from certain doom. In Sonic Heroes, Dr. Eggman constructs a massive fleet of battleships called the Egg Fleet, and at the heart of this fleet is a flagship even larger than the Egg Carrier. He planned to use this fleet to conquer the world in 3 days, but was locked away in his own flagship by Metal Sonic, who impersonated him and took command of his fleet. Dr. Eggman then enlisted the assistance of Team Chaotix in order to break free, communicating to them by walkie-talkie, giving them their objective for the respective level. By the time he was freed, Metal Sonic had transformed into Metal Madness. Dr. Eggman assessed that they would need the power of the seven Chaos Emeralds to defeat him (which Team Sonic, Team Dark, Team Rose, and Team Chaotix coincidentally had possession of). After Metal Sonic was defeated, Dr. Eggman tried to sneak away from the Chaotix without paying and was seen being chased by them. It is unknown if they got their money or not. During Black Doom's invasion of Earth, Eggman initially observed the fighting taking place between the aliens and G.U.N. Realising that the conflict would surely result in total destruction and thus leave nothing left for Eggman to conquer, the doctor mobilized his army and launched his fleet to destroy the Black Arms. Eggman found himself under attack from all sides; G.U.N., the Black Arms and Sonic and his friends were all interfering with his operations amongst fighting each other as well. Eggman saw a potential trump card in Shadow and hoped to manipulate the amnesiac hedgehog into assisting him. Ultimately, the doctor's plan failed, and he was forced to confront Shadow himself. He attempted to further confuse Shadow by telling him that he had no past and that he was one of the doctor's new line of combat androids built in the original Shadow's image. He later attempted to convince Shadow not to supply the Chaos Emeralds to Black Doom, alongside Knuckles, Sonic, Rouge, Tails, and Amy, although he ultimately failed, and was left to be consumed by the Death Leeches after inhaling specialized gasses that were emitted by the Black Comet when it was warped to Earth, although he and the others later escaped as Shadow confronted Black Doom's true form Devil Doom. He also heard Gerald's final message to Shadow regarding the imminent invasion of the Black Arms fifty years later, and deduced that his grandfather's plan involved the Eclipse Cannon. It was only after Shadow had learned the truth about his past from Black Doom that Eggman admitted that he was lying; he had, in fact, recovered Shadow after Sonic Adventure 2 and had kept him alive as a test subject. In the end, Eggman was chased by an irate Knuckles, who thinks that he's going to steal the Chaos Emeralds and the Master Emerald again.
Doctor Eggman appears in Sonic the Hedgehog (2006) as the main antagonist of Sonic's story and as a minor villain in Shadow's story. Here, Eggman has been redesigned with a more realistic appearance. In this game, Eggman invades Soleanna and attempts to kidnap Princess Elise during the Festival of the Sun's opening ceremony in order to release the Flames of Disaster (aka Iblis), since Iblis was sealed away inside Elise's soul. He intends to use the Flames of Disaster in order to rule over time. During Sonic's story he repeatedly captures Elise, only to have her rescued by Sonic. At the end of Sonic's story, when the Egg Carrier is beginning to crash, he battles Sonic in the Egg Wyvern. Sonic defeats Eggman, causing him to go flying off into the sky as the ship crashes. In Shadow's story, Eggman serves both as a villain and an ally. Before the events of the game, he had somehow gotten a hold of the Scepter of Darkness which contained Mephiles the Dark. Rouge the Bat had stolen it from him and Shadow was sent to rescue her. Eggman followed them to Kingdom Valley, demanding them to return the scepter, which ended in a struggle that caused the scepter to shatter. Eggman and his robots then retreated. He later appears when Shadow breaks into his personal train in order to learn the truth of the Solaris Project. Eggman makes a deal with Shadow that he will tell him about the project if he captures Mephiles and brings him to him. Eggman does not appear again until the final story, where he and the rest of Sonic's friends (and Elise) have been sucked into the space rift that was created during the birth of Solaris, and states that Solaris can't be defeated since it exists in the past, present and future. Upon discovering that Sonic could be brought back to life with the power of the Chaos Emeralds, he aids the others by locating the Emeralds using a radar inside his glasses. In Sonic Rush Eggman joins forces with his doppleganger, Dr. Eggman Nega, to steal all of the Sol Emeralds and Chaos Emeralds to form a world called Eggmanland. Unfortunately for them, Nega's nemesis, Blaze, came from the Sol Dimension and teamed up with Sonic the Hedgehog to beat them. In Sonic Rush Adventure, Eggman joins forces with Eggman Nega once again, this time they make a crew of robotic pirates that stole Blaze's Jeweled Scepter along with the Chaos Emeralds and the Sol Emeralds, to form the Eggmanland again. However, the pirates were defeated by Sonic and Blaze and they reclaim the Jeweled Scepter. Although, it didn't take long for both Eggmans to steal the Scepter again and use it to power their Egg Wizard. They attempted to use it to unlock the "Power of the Stars", but the duo was defeated by Super Sonic and Burning Blaze. Although their mech, the Egg Wizard, was completely destroyed, Eggman was able to escape as usual. In Sonic Unleashed, Eggman uses the power of Super Sonic to break the planet into peaces and awaken Dark Gaia and use its power to create Eggmanland. He also accidentally turns Sonic into a werehog by awakening Dark Gaia too early, but he quickly sent him falling down to the Earth with the drained Chaos Emeralds. This proved to be a fatal mistake when Sonic survived and restored the Emeralds' power to bring the pieces of the planet back together and beat his Egg Beetle, Egg Devil Ray and the Egg Lancer. However, the doctor managed to gather Dark Gaia's power before Sonic brought every piece of the world back together, and used it to power the Egg Dragoon and attack Sonic. Even when powered by Dark Gaia, Sonic proved too much and defeated Eggman. However, Dark Gaia then formed in front of them, and Eggman ordered it to attack Sonic. However, in a similar fashion to Chaos, Dark Gaia sent Dr. Eggman flying before fighting Sonic and Gaia Colossus. Sonic Unleashed marks the first time that Dr. Eggman actually realized Eggmanland, but later got destroyed by Sonic. Eggman himself survived Dark Gaia's attack and chased his sneering robot assistant Orbot into the sunrise. Dr. Eggman appears once again as the main villain of Sonic Colors. In the game he creates Dr. Eggman's Incredible Interstellar Amusement Park, which is an amusement park that has five planets chained together to the main park. He had announced that he made the park for people to enjoy and to show a remorse of his past deeds. Sonic, however, doesn't believe this, and goes to the amusement park. Sonic is right, Dr. Eggman is up to an evil scheme. He is capturing Wisps so that he can take their Hyper-go-on energy, and turn it into negative energy that powers a Mind Control Ray in order to take over the universe. Eggman pretends that he has he has turned over a new leaf, but that couldn't fool Sonic one bit. He send out many robots to destroy Sonic, but in the end they just get trashed by the hedgehog. He has used 5 generators to link all planets together; however, that was the only thing Sonic knew, so he thought that releasing all of the chained planets would end Eggman's scheme. When Eggman tries to fire the cannon, the energy backfires due to Rotatatron's robotic arm, which was stuck inside cannon. Eggman challenged Sonic to beat him as he was using the negative hyper-go-on energy to power a giant robot called the Egg Nega Wisp. Sonic manages to beat him and Eggman ends up getting sucked into the black hole created when the negative energy backfired. After the credits, Eggman had survived the black hole and is seen helplessly stranded in space with Orbot and Cubot, Cubot was celebrating that he got his voice back and kept on talking. Eggman wished for a moment of silence, but Cubot would not stop talking. After the events of Sonic Colors, Eggman found a strange creation in space that could erase time and space, and decided to use it to erase his past defeats. He left Orbot and Cubot stranded in space and went with the creation to travel in time. However, he needed another genius to control this creation and, during the game's story, he kidnapped his past self after the Death Egg battle. Later, Modern Eggman tried to destroy Sonic himself using a new Egg Dragoon prototype in the Sonic Unleashed timeline, but he failed and got away using the creation.
At the beginning of the game, this creation, named Time Eater, travels to Green Hill, causing a white fade while Classic Sonic looks on in wonder. Then Time Eater travels to the present to ruin Modern Sonic's birthday party by kidnapping all of Sonic's friends and sending them to different time holes to bait his traps. Sonic could not stop him and finds himself in the White Space. Later, he meets up with his past self and ends up teaming up with him in order to save his friends and fix the time stream.
Near the end both Sonics and both Tails find out about the Time Eater's true origin when the doctors reveal themselves and their plan, intending to dispose Sonic from time (although Classic Dr. Eggman ended up disturbed that he might become crazy when witnessing Modern Dr. Eggman breaking down into hysterical laughter). Early in the battle both Sonics are unable to stop the doctors' creation, but after transforming into Super Sonics and enduring the intense battle, both doctors are finally defeated once again and all the characters return to their world and time. After the end credits it is shown that both Eggman got stuck in white limbo and are unable to get out. After arguing whether or not they would ever win, they finally concluded that they could not because of Sonic. Classic Eggman decided that he would instead pursue his "teaching degree" after these events, to which Modern Eggman agreed. It is unknown what happened to them after that moment or if they could ever escape from the limbo, or if their plans to pursue teaching degrees were serious or humorous.